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陈俊愉:曲径通幽处,花木凝人生

科普中国-科技前沿大师谈 2018-08-16

  “赏梅不只是闻香,要用心体会梅花的神、姿、色、香之美才行。元朝诗人方子通有句诗‘紫府与丹来换骨,春风吹酒上凝脂’,把骨里红梅描述得多准确细致呀。而陆游的那两句‘零落成泥碾作尘,只有香如故’,更是写出了赏梅的意境。”享有“梅花院士”美誉的陈俊愉曾说。陈俊愉几十年孜孜不倦地追求探索梅花的奥秘,为梅花谱写了一曲又一曲美妙的诗歌。

  作为中国园林植物与观赏园艺学科的开创者与带头人,陈俊愉是大家心目中的园林泰斗。1940年,陈俊愉毕业于金陵大学园艺系。毕业后,他继续留校读研究生并在成都担任助教,调查研究四川梅花,这是陈俊愉与梅花最初的缘分。

  自蜀中初识梅香,陈俊愉的热情便燃烧了几十年。中国梅花品种繁杂,江、浙、皖等地植梅历史悠久,品种各成体系。早在1186年,南宋诗人范成大写成了我国第一部《梅谱》,但只记录了古时吴越梅花。为了系统研究中国梅花,陈俊愉主张编写《中国梅花品种图志》,建立中国梅花品种资源圃。20世纪80年代以来,每年春天梅开之时他就会先看梅园,然后去南方遍访深山,一方面调查国内梅品种资源,另一方面将所见好的品种收集到磨山,筹建梅花品种资源圃。1989年,《中国梅花品种图志》正式出版,原产中国的梅花开始纳入科学分类体系,共分为三系、五类、十八型,详尽收录了中国梅花品种,是世界上第一部图文并茂、全面系统介绍中国梅花的专著。这也是继范成大之后对梅花进行科学、系统研究的又一部梅谱。

  陈俊愉在梅花品种分类上创立了世界上独一无二的“二元分类法”,进而形成了花卉品种分类的中国学派。陈俊愉和他领导的中国梅花蜡梅分会,被国际园艺学会授权为梅花及果梅的国际植物(品种)登录权威。陈俊愉也因此成为第一位获此资格的中国园艺专家。

  陈俊愉对科研事业精益求精,不论是对梅花、菊花,还是对月季、牡丹的研究都几十年如一日,锲而不舍。他在茶用菊、药用菊、盆栽小菊、盆景小菊、切花菊、蔬菜菊、酒用菊、悬垂丰花菊、抗逆菊等育种与用途创新开发方面,都取得了显著进展。

  2012年6月8日,陈俊愉与世长辞。他一生致力研究梅花,并取得多项成果。陈俊愉多次获得国家颁发的奖项,发表论文200余篇,出版专著16本,培养研究生30余名,编著科普书籍多本。梅花香自苦寒来,他也正是“用梅花的精神作梅花的事业”。

  本作品为“科普中国-科技前沿大师谈”原创,转载时务请注明出处。

  作者: 钟艳平

责任编辑:王超

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