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听音乐也可治病?为你揭开声音与旋律的疗愈秘密

人民网 2017-12-07

  音乐是人们必不可少的生活调剂品,听音乐不仅可以让我们忘记一切烦恼,使心灵获得宁静和愉悦,对我们的健康也有着意想不到的好处。如今,音乐可用于治疗疾病,这一应用被称为音乐疗法。那么,什么是音乐疗法?音乐疗法的原理是什么?音乐疗法可治疗哪些疾病?

  

  音乐爱好者(图片来源:东方IC)

  什么是音乐疗法?

  中华预防医学会健康风险评估与控制专业委员会委员聂聪表示:“音乐治疗是通过生理和心理两种途径来治疗疾病,可运用于心理问题伴发的身体疾病的治疗、身体疾病伴发的心理问题的治疗、心身共病预防以及对其它疾病的辅助治疗等。”

  据河北新闻网报道,1940年在美国卡萨斯大学,音乐疗法正式成为一门学科。经半个多世纪的发展,音乐疗法已经发展为成熟、完整的边缘学科,确立的临床治疗方法多达上百种,应用前景广阔。

  音乐疗法的原理是什么?

  中国江苏网报道,音乐疗法的原理其实很简单,音乐的频率、节奏和有规律的声波振动会引起人体组织细胞出现共振现象,这种共振可直接影响人的脑电波、心率、呼吸节奏等。当人处在优美悦耳的音乐中,人体会分泌一种有利于身体健康的活性物质,这种物质可调节体内血管的流量和神经传导。而良性的音乐能提高大脑皮层的兴奋性,改善人们的情绪,激发人们的感情,振奋人们的精神,消除紧张、焦虑、忧郁、恐惧等不良心理状态,提高应激能力。

  音乐疗法可治疗哪些疾病?

  1.治疗银屑病

  据鲁网报道,皮肤界普遍认为银屑病是典型的心身失调性疾病,消除心理障碍是银屑病治疗的关键。济南银屑病专家研究发现,音乐疗法在改善银屑病患者精神因素,消除紧张、恐惧等不良情绪方面可产生正性身心效应。

  2.辅助治疗癌症

  据河北新闻网报道,音乐疗法通过听、唱、演奏等手段对患者进行刺激与催眠,使患者情绪得到有效管理,症状明显改善,达到促进健康的目的。尽管音乐不能直接治疗癌症,但作为辅助治疗有十分显著的积极作用。

  3.治疗耳鸣

  《京华时报》报道,听音乐对治疗慢性和急性耳鸣都有效。首先,可通过声音合成器产生一个与特定患者耳鸣声相似的声音,然后在随后的主动和被动音乐疗程中使用这个声音,用来训练患者有意识地控制和调节耳鸣。(王亚宇)

  本文由中华预防医学会健康风险评估与控制专业委员会委员、中科院医学心理学博士聂聪进行科学性把关。

  

责任编辑:李阳阳

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