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喝白酒对治愈痛风有好处?真相还是谣言

科普中国-科学为你解疑释惑 2018-07-09

  痛风是现代生活中的一种常见病,轻则关节肿痛,重则肢体坏死,严重影响患者的日常生活。痛风发作时带来的痛苦是非常大的,很多痛风患者也都知道痛风要忌口海鲜、啤酒和动物内脏等。但不少人认为,白酒具有通经活络的功效,痛风病人可以喝白酒,且喝白酒对治愈痛风还有好处。那么,痛风的病因是什么?痛风患者可以喝白酒吗?白酒对治愈痛风真的有效吗?

  《沈阳晚报》报道称,痛风是嘌呤代谢紊乱所致的一种代谢疾病,血尿酸浓度升高、尿酸钠晶体沉积于下肢骨关节、动脉、脊髓骨间隙组织而引起的关节活动不利,严重者呈关节畸形及功能障碍,且具有反复发作的特点。

  那么,为何痛风要忌口海鲜和啤酒?《杭州日报》解释称,海鲜和啤酒是诱发痛风病的高危食品。海鲜本身就是高嘌呤食物,其中蛤蜊等贝类海鲜,嘌呤含量尤其高,嘌呤又是尿酸形成的原料;而啤酒中的一些成分,也会抑制体内尿酸的排泄。

  很多人认为,不喝啤酒,改喝白酒就能令痛风远离,真的是这样吗?青岛市立医院免疫风湿科主任苏厚恒在接受《齐鲁晚报》采访时提醒,啤酒、白酒、红酒三类酒中,过量喝啤酒容易引起痛风早已被众人熟知。但值得注意的是,白酒喝多了也易引起痛风,有不少人认为改喝白酒就没事了,这种认识是错的。广东省人民医院风湿免疫科副主任医师张光峰解释称,白酒也可以导致乳酸升高,进而引起尿酸排泄减少。因此,为了健康,痛风患者应尽量不喝为妙。

  不过,对于痛风患者而言,少量的红酒还是可以饮用的。据《银川晚报》报道,国外有研究发现,干红葡萄酒不会增加痛风风险,可能与其含有的白藜芦醇能抗氧化、减少尿酸产生有关。但干红酒精含量达12%,过多饮用(每天超过200毫升)仍会减少尿酸排泄,加重高尿酸血症和痛风。因此,小酌即可,切记不要贪杯。(孙晓兰)

  本文由广东省人民医院风湿免疫科副主任医师张光峰进行科学把关。专家擅长领域为痛风、类风湿关节炎、强直性脊柱炎、银屑病关节炎系统性红斑狼疮、系统性硬化症、肌炎、皮肌炎、骨关节炎、白塞氏病及其他血管炎等各种风湿性疾病及内科其他疑难杂症的诊治。

责任编辑:王超

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