The Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (INALCO) (National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations) is located in Paris, France. It was founded in 1795 after the French Revolution and is now one of the country's Grands établissements with a specialization in African, Asian, East European, Oceanian, and native American languages and civilisations. It is often colloquially called Langues O (pronounced "lang-zo"), an abbreviation for "Langues Orientales".
Ninety-three languages are taught at the INALCO, covering Asian, African, eastern European, South Pacific, Finno-Ugric and native American languages. INALCO offers beginner classes as well as Master and PhD courses. The INALCO is the French partner of the British SOAS which now teaches mainly Asian and African languages. INALCO is currently presided by Manuelle Franck, specialist in Southeast Asian Geography.
The institute was established on March 30, 1795, by decree of the Convention nationale as the École spéciale des Langues orientales, for Oriental studies, with a mission to teach living Oriental languages "of recognized utility for politics and commerce". It first opened its doors within the Bibliothèque nationale, and grew steadily throughout the 19th century, adding new languages and incorporating the École des Jeunes de Langues founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert in 1669.