The Cinema of Andhra Pradesh (also known as Telugu cinema or Tollywood) is the Indian film industry based in Hyderabad, India producing motion pictures in the Telugu language. Since 1909, Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu was involved in many aspects of Indian cinemas history like producing short films, travelling to different regions in Asia to promote film work. In 1921, He produced Bhishma Pratigna the first silent film in the state. He is cited as the father of Telugu Cinema.
The Telugu film industry originated with silent films in 1912, with the production and release of Bhisma Pratighna in 1921 The film was directed by Raghupathi Venkaiah Naidu and his son R. S. Prakash. The two, with Yaragudipati Varada Rao, would go on to produce and direct dozens of films throughout the decade, casting theatre actors in major roles. They established a long-lasting precedent of focusing exclusively on religious themes; Nandanar, Gajendra Moksham, and Matsyavatar, three of their most noted productions, centred on religious figures, parables, and morals.