| population_census_year = 2013 | population_density_km2 = 104.7 | population_density_sq_mi = 271.3 | population_density_rank = 63 | GDP_PPP_year = 2012 | GDP_PPP = $26.110 billion | GDP_PPP_rank = | GDP_PPP_per_capita = $8,052 | GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank = | GDP_nominal_year = 2012 | GDP_nominal = $12.688 billion | GDP_nominal_rank = | GDP_nominal_per_capita = $3,912 | GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = | Gini_year = 2005 | Gini_change = | Gini = 26.7 | Gini_ref = | Gini_rank = | HDI_year = 2013 | HDI_change = increase | HDI = 0.749 | HDI_ref = | HDI_rank = 70th | sovereignty_type = Formation | established_event1 = Principality of Arbër | established_date1 = 1190 | established_event2 = League of Lezhë | established_date2 = 2 March 1444 | established_event3 = Independent Albania | established_date3 = 28 November 1912 | established_event4 = Principality of Albania | established_date4 = 29 July 1913 | established_event5 = Current constitution | established_date5 = 28 November 1998 | currency = Lek | currency_code = ALL | country_code = AL | time_zone = CET | utc_offset = +1 | time_zone_DST = CEST | utc_offset_DST = +2 | drives_on = right | calling_code = 355 | date_format = dd.mm.yyyy | cctld = .al | footnote_a = Greek, Vlach, Macedonian and other regional languages are government-recognized minority languages. }}
Albania (// al-BAY-nee-ə, Albanian: Shqipëri/Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni/Shqipnia), officially known as the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë pronouncedAlbanian pronunciation: [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs]), is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo (Disputed) to the northeast, Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west, and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. It is less than 72 km (45 mi) from Italy, across the Strait of Otranto which links the Adriatic Sea to the Ionian Sea.
Albania is a member of the UN, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organisation, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean. Albania has been a potential candidate for accession to the European Union since January 2003, and it formally applied for EU membership on 28 April 2009.
The modern-day territory of Albania was at various points in history part of the Roman provinces of Dalmatia (southern Illyricum), Macedonia (particularly Epirus Nova), and Moesia Superior. The modern Republic became independent after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in Europe following the Balkan Wars. Albanians had for almost five centuries been at the heart of a sprawling empire in which they enjoyed a privileged position as administrators and generals. Albania declared independence in 1912 (to be recognised in 1913), becoming a Principality, Republic, and Kingdom until being invaded by Italy in 1939, which formed Greater Albania, which in turn became a Nazi protectorate in 1943. In 1944, a socialist People's Republic was established under the leadership of Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour. In 1991, the Socialist republic was dissolved and the Republic of Albania was established.