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孩子骨折后家长切勿掉以轻心 转运过程中应避免二次损伤

科普中国-乐享健康 2017-09-15

  大多数孩子活泼好动,这让家长既高兴又担心,高兴是因为觉得活泼好动的孩子更聪明伶俐,担心是因为害怕孩子在玩耍时不慎发生意外。事实上,孩子在玩耍过程中容易跌倒、摔伤,有些孩子甚至还会因此骨折。据红网报道,一两岁的孩子在床上或沙发上玩耍时可能会由于无意识地往下、往前跨步而失去平衡,进而摔倒,造成骨折;5岁以上的孩子在骑自行车、滑滑轮、打篮球、爬树、追逐打闹的时候也很容易因为摔倒等而骨折。那么,孩子骨折后家长应该怎么做呢?

  有些家长认为孩子的身体比较柔软,所以即使骨折也不必过于担心,于是抱着“先看看再说”的态度任其发展,但这样很容易使骨折情况恶化,给治疗带来很大难度,同时还容易引起一些并发症,造成肢体畸形和关节功能障碍等,从而影响孩子今后的日常生活。事实上,当孩子跌倒、摔伤后,家长应该高度重视,及时对伤处进行处理,一旦发现骨折的迹象,例如活动困难、过于疼痛等,应该立即将孩子送到医院就诊。值得注意的是,在处理骨折处的时候也不可大意,否则容易造成二次损伤。据华龙网报道,在孩子骨折后,不要随意牵拉其关节,可以用硬木板片、纸板或铁片临时固定骨折处,这样可以避免在搬动、转运的过程中损伤骨折处的血管和神经,之后再将孩子送到医院接受进一步治疗。

  当然,即使孩子发生骨折,家长也不必过于担心,因为随着医疗技术的发展,针对孩子骨折的治疗方法也在不断完善。据《西安晚报》报道,传统的治疗方法通常是切开复位内固定手术治疗,在接受这种手术的过程中,孩子受到的痛苦较大,而且之后还需要进行二次手术,以取出内固定物。而现在出现了一种针对孩子四肢骨折的闭合复位经皮穿针微创治疗法,该治疗方法没有切口,而且只需要进行一次手术即可,减轻了孩子的痛苦和家属的负担。(丁鹏勋)

  本文由天津市宝坻区人民医院骨科副主任医师张健进行科学性把关。

责任编辑:王超

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