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望子成龙不可操之过急 家长应避免“起跑线恐慌”

科普中国-科学为你解疑释惑 2017-12-19

  最近,朋友圈中流传着家长们的一句玩笑话:孩子幼儿园毕业之时,就是家长琴棋书画精通之日。还有传言称,“一位爸爸陪娃写作业陪到心梗进医院”。这些传言固然有玩笑的成分,但也侧面反映了家长们在培养孩子时的普遍现象:过于希望孩子赢在起跑线上,不遗余力地给孩子灌输各项技能,这种现象被一些人称为中国式家长的“起跑线恐慌”。那么,什么是“起跑线恐慌”?家长们为了让孩子“赢在起跑线上”而采取的一系列做法到底好不好呢?

  “起跑线恐慌”泛指家长们为了让孩子赢在起跑线上,产生的一系列诸如紧张、焦虑的情绪。据《光明日报》介绍,“起跑线恐慌”并非个例,其盛行于各种微信家长群、同学群,而且具有较高的“传染性”。在北上广等一线城市,很多学龄前儿童过着“每天都要上不同辅导班”的生活,很多孩子被送到培训机构上“幼小衔接班”。家长们当然知道这种现象不正常,但为了不让孩子掉队,都选择跟风而动。据中国网报道,“起跑线恐慌”源于集体无意识,面对别人的“超跑”,家长们不得不恐慌。也就是说,家长们不是主动想和别人比较,而是担心如果自己和孩子不努力,就可能被别人甩在后面。

  然而,家长们的这种做法并不好。据《北京晚报》报道,让孩子被动填鸭式地学习各种所谓的“本领”,极易使他们产生抵触心理,最好让孩子们主动学习,这首先得让孩子们感受到学习是快乐的,让他们觉得学习本身就是一件有意思的事情,进而激发他们学习的欲望。同时,对于孩子未来的职业规划不宜过早,家长应该随时、长期地观察孩子的兴趣和倾向,才能慢慢摸出孩子的长处和喜好。

  虽然家长们“望子成龙、望女成凤”的心理可以被理解,但还是不能操之过急。广东省青少年研究中心原主任曾锦华在接受新华网采访时提醒,家长应给孩子有质量的陪伴;其次,家长应理性认识孩子的成长规律,对“奇葩”的教育方式有一定的辨别能力;最后,在选择时尽可能参与观摩体验,避免被一些教育机构炒作的概念所迷惑。北京师范大学天津生态城附属学校校长杨军红在接受《中国青年报》采访时也表示,“对规则的敬畏、习惯的养成和健全的人格,可能才是人生真正的起跑线。”(赵鹏)

  本文由中国人民解放军总医院第一附属(304)医院八一大楼门诊部主任彭国球进行科学性把关,目前的主要研究领域为健康养生类、临床医学类、心理医学类。

责任编辑:王超

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