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你的胃还好吗?这4个坏习惯可能让你胃病缠身

科普中国-乐享健康 2017-12-21

  俗话说“十人九胃”,意思是在十个人中就有九个人患过或患有胃病,其中,很多人都是在不知不觉中患上胃病的。今天,人民网科普中国为大家盘点了4个容易引发胃病的坏习惯,一起来看看吧。

  1.共餐。在传统饮食习惯的影响下,很多人都喜欢围在一起吃饭,却很少有人知道共餐也会引发胃病。广州市第一人民医院消化内科主任王红在接受金羊网采访时介绍,幽门螺旋杆菌能诱发消化性溃疡、慢性胃炎,甚至会引发胃癌。王红提醒,幽门螺旋杆菌主要通过“口-口”“粪-口”的途径传播,也就是说,很多人聚在一起围餐、共餐等都有可能感染幽门螺旋杆菌,所以大家在聚餐时应尽量分餐,如果共餐则最好使用公筷。

  2.饥一顿饱一顿。很多人饮食不规律,心血来潮时就大吃一顿,忙的时候则忍着不吃。北京市首钢医院内科主任姚震提醒,过饥和过饱都不好,如果人在饥饿的时候不进食,胃部分泌的胃酸便没有食物可以消化,于是就会消化胃黏膜,导致胃黏膜受损,甚至引发胃溃疡;如果吃得太多,会刺激人体分泌胃酸、胰液、胆汁等,进而有可能造成胆管、胰管狭窄、梗阻,导致消化功能紊乱。

  3.吃夜宵。夜宵又被称为“消夜”“宵夜”,意思是“用美食消磨夜晚的时光”,然而这种深受很多人喜爱的方式背后却隐藏着极大的安全隐患。中国营养学会副理事长、河南省营养学会理事长张丁在接受《生命时报》采访时表示,有些人在吃夜宵时常吃烤串、烤鱼、海鲜等,加上过度饮酒、暴饮暴食,会增加胃肠道负担,甚至可能引起急性胰腺炎。日本医学家粟田英男发现,胃黏膜上皮细胞大约2~3天就要更新一次,而且这一过程是在夜间进行的,所以太晚进餐会影响胃黏膜修复,使人更容易患上胃病。

  4.情绪不佳。很多人都有过这样的体验:情绪低落时食欲很差,情绪高涨时食欲倍增。事实上,人的胃肠是有“情感”的器官。据《南方日报》报道,胃肠的蠕动和各种消化液的分泌都是在神经内分泌系统的支配下进行的,而许多胃病的发病也与人的心理、情绪等息息相关,整体来说,长期情绪不佳的人更容易患上胃病。(丁文)

  本文由北京市首钢医院内科主任姚震进行科学性把关。

责任编辑:王超

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